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Rivendell, also called "Imladris" in Sindarin and "Karningul" in Westron, was founded in Second Age 1697 when a force sent by Gil-galad from Lindon and led by Elrond rescued the refugees of Eregion from Sauron's army and was driven into the hills of Rhudaur. Sauron's forces subsequently laid siege to the refuge for three years until a relief army sent by Gil-galad attacked the besieging force in conjunction with the defenders and annihilated it. Rivendell was next attacked in the fourteenth century of the Third Age when the Armies of the Witch-king of Angmar attacked the refuge. After some years they were driven off when reinforcements were sent from Lothlórien. Rivendell is protected by the powers of its lord, Elrond Half-Elven, and his ring Vilya.
Early in the First Age some of the Eldar left the Great March and settled in the lands east of the Misty Mountains. These elves became known as the Nandor and later the Silvan Elves. By S.A. 1200 Galadriel had made contact with an existing Nandorin realm, Lindórinand, in the area that would later be known as Lothlórien, and planted there the golden mallorn trees which Gil-galad had received as a gift from Tar-Aldarion.
The culture and knowledge of the Silvan elves was considerably enriched by the arrival of Sindarin Elves from west of the mountains and even the Silvan language was gradually replaced by Sindarin. Amongst these arrivals was Amdír, who became their first lord, as well as Galadriel and Celeborn, who also crossed the mountains and the Anduin to join these southern Nandor after the destruction of Eregion during the War of the Elves and Sauron. Ultimately, Amdír led an army out of the forest as part of the Last Alliance of Elves and Men, just as Oropher, another Sindarin lord, led the Silvan Elves of the north in the same victory over Sauron, so it can be assumed that both northern and southern woodland realms had been founded by then.
With the gradual return of Sauron's malign influence to the forest east of Anduin, the northern Silvan Elves led by Thranduil son of Oropher (and father of Legolas), moved even further north to escape it, and those of the south returned west across the Anduin, although without their last Sindarin lord Amroth son of Amdír, who departed to Edhellond after his lover Nimrodel had fled there.
It was later revealed that Galadriel's Ring enriched the land by preserving its flora from death and decay, and in wielding it she created a powerful ward against all creatures of evil intent: in fact the only way that Galadriel's Lothlórien could have been conquered by Mordor is if Sauron himself, the master of all the Rings of Power, had come there.
Following the departure of Galadriel for Valinor at the beginning of the Fourth Age, the Elves of Lothlórien were ruled by Celeborn alone, who led them across the Anduin to found a new, larger realm, East Lórien, centred around Amon Lanc. By the time of the death of Queen Arwen, Celeborn and Galadriel's granddaughter, Lothlórien itself was deserted.
When the Elves began their Great Journey westward to the Undying Lands, some of the elves decided to settle in the woods along the Anduin. These Elves came to be called Silvan Elves, or Wood-Elves.
In the early part of the Second Age, the Woodland Realm was established in Greenwood the Great by a lord of the Sindarin Elves who had migrated eastward from Lindon. The woodland realm was a mingling of two types of elves, Sindar coming from the ruin of Doriath, and the Silvan or Wood elves who had already been settled there. Oropher, who had chosen not to depart Middle-earth after the destruction of Beleriand, chose to settle in Greenwood the Great and was taken by the Silvan Elves as their Lord.
In The Hobbit, The Lord of the Rings, and associated writings, the expansive forest of Greenwood the Great was called Mirkwood. In this instance, the name is supposedly a translation of an unknown Westron name. Around the year 1050 of the Third Age, 'the shadow of Dol Guldur' fell upon it, and men began to call it Taur-nu-Fuin and Taur-e-Ndaedelos (Sindarin: forest of great fear). The shadow was the power of Sauron, who under a concealed identity established himself at the hill-fortress of Dol Guldur on Amon Lanc. The presence of Sauron's minions drove the Elves (now led by Thranduil, son of Oropher) further northward, so that by the end of the Third Age they were a diminished and wary people who had entrenched themselves beyond the Mountains of Mirkwood (Emyn Fuin, formerly the Emyn Duir or "Dark Mountains"). The Old Forest Road or Old Dwarf Road crossed the forest east to west, but due to its relative proximity to Dol Guldur, the road was mostly unusable. The Elves made a path farther to the north, which ended somewhere in the marshes south of the Long Lake of Esgaroth.
In The Hobbit, Bilbo Baggins, along with Thorin Oakenshield and his band of Dwarves — minus the Wizard, Gandalf — ventured into Mirkwood during their quest to regain Erebor from the Dragon Smaug. During their passage through Mirkwood, the party encountered and was captured by many Giant Spiders, descended from Shelob. Shortly after the dwarves' escape they were taken prisoner by the Elves and brought before Thranduil, who imprisoned the dwarves. While unclear, it was shortly after or possibly even during these events, that the White Council flushed Sauron out of Dol Guldur, and as he fled to Mordor his influence in Mirkwood diminished for a while.
Years later, Gollum, after his release from Mordor, was captured by Aragorn and brought as a prisoner to Thranduil's realm. Out of pity, they allowed the creature some freedom to roam the forest (under close guard). Gollum escaped custody during an Orc raid, and fled south to Moria in search of the One Ring.
After Sauron's destruction at the conclusion of the Third Age, Mirkwood was cleansed by Galadriel and became known as Eryn Lasgalen, Sindarin for the Wood of Greenleaves.
An ancient harbour and settlement of Elvish origin in Gondor, located just south of the junction of the rivers Morthond and Ringló.
In one account by Tolkien, Edhellond was founded by the Sindarin refugees in three small ships fleeing the ruin of Beleriand following Morgoth's successful onslaught of the Elvish kingdoms. Another version tells that some refugees of Doriath, in the course of their wandering, founded the haven. In both versions, the original founders possessed the knowledge of shipbuilding, which in the First Age was known only to Círdan and the elven-folk of the Falas. Whatever its ultimate origins, in time Edhellond was swelled by Nandorin Elves seeking for the sea.
Amroth, Lord of Lothlórien, was lost at or near Edhellond in the year 1981 of the Third Age while looking for his beloved Nimrodel. Already then nearly all Elves had sailed into the West from Edhellond, seeking escape from the shadows of Middle-earth. By the time of the War of the Ring no Elves remained in Edhellond, and while it was uninhabited, the area passed into the dominion of Gondor.
Many of the Elves of Beleriand relocated to Lindon at the beginning of the Second Age, where they were ruled by Gil-galad. The Noldor mainly dwelt in the northern section of Forlindon, while the Sindar and surviving Laiquendi were in the southern section of Harlindon. Together they built Mithlond, the Grey Havens, on the eastern end of the Gulf of Lhûn along the banks of the River Lhûn in its deep firth; and many Elves sailed from there to Valinor. Círdan the Shipwright was the master of the Havens since its founding; Galdor of the Havens, his messenger, was among Mithlond's known inhabitants. The general map of Middle-earth in The Lord of the Rings shows other anchorages farther west in the Gulf of Lhûn: Harlond ("south-haven") and Forlond ("north-haven") on the southern and northern shores, respectively.
Lindon was one of the two Noldorin Kingdoms during the Second Age, the other being Eregion, or Hollin. Because of its cultural and spiritual importance to the Elves, Mithlond in time became the primary Elvish settlement west of the Misty Mountains prior to the establishment of Eregion and, later, of Imladris. Even after the death of Gil-galad, as the Elves dwindled in numbers by the year, Mithlond remained a focal point of the history in the northern part of Middle-earth.
During the War of the Elves and Sauron, Sauron attempted to invade and conquer the Havens in order to gain the Three Elven rings but was halted and defeated at the Lhûn by Gil-galad with the timely arrival of the great Númenórean armament of Tar-Minastir. The Second Age ended with the Last Alliance of Elves and Men. The Last Alliance was the final great military effort of the Elves and they raised their largest army since the First Age for the war. Gil-galad was killed by Sauron during the war. The Elves of Lindon suffered severe losses in the war and afterwards most of the surviving Noldor departed for Valinor and much of Lindon became depopulated.
In the Third Age Lindon was ruled by Gil-galad's ally, the Sindarin elf Círdan the Shipwright, master of Mithlond. Círdan's task was to build ships for the Elves departing Middle-earth to sail to the West. By the end of the Third Age, the majority of Lindon's population resided in or around the harbor of the Grey Havens, while the rest settled along the shores of the Gulf of Lune. Lindon was one of the few populated areas of northwestern Middle-earth that remained untouched by the War of the Ring. Sauron never achieved the strength and reach he had in the Second Age and he was unable to make a direct assault, even though the realm was a strategically important location populated by his enemies.
During the Fourth Age, it was one of the last Elven havens as the remaining Elves of Rivendell and Lothlórien left Middle-earth. In the beginning of the first century, Fourth Age, it experienced a population growth as migrants from the east came to Mithlond. Not all Elves left Middle-earth immediately, many of the migrants made long-term temporary settlements.
Aside from Elves, Gandalf, Bilbo Baggins and Frodo Baggins also went to Valinor from the Grey Havens, and a family tradition held that Samwise Gamgee, having been himself a Ring-bearer, albeit briefly, did likewise, in the year 1484 of the Shire Reckoning, Fourth Age 61. It was also told in the Red Book of Westmarch, that after Aragorn's death Legolas built a grey ship and left Middle-earth to go to Valinor, and that Gimli went with him.
Círdan stayed in Mithlond into the Fourth Age until as he said, "the last ship sails" and the remaining Eldar passed into the West. A small Elven community may have remained for quite some time. It is unclear just what the fate of the Elves of Middle-earth was in the early Fourth Age or how long Círdan and his remaining folk dwelled at the Havens and continued to build the great ships that carried the Elves to the Undying Lands.
LOTRO Places in Game not found in the Lore:
Hundreds of years before the events of The Lord of the Rings, the Elves of Lindon founded a refuge upon the slopes of Ered Luin, where wood for the White Ships was gathered and elven wine was made. Edhelion, it was called, and it was a place of contemplation and peace...until Skorgrím Dourhand, an evil Dwarf-lord descended from the kings who once ruled the long-ruined kingdoms of the Blue Mountains, led his people, allied with goblins and trolls, against this elven refuge.
Talagan Silvertongue, the Master of Edhelion, sacrificed himself to defeat Skorgrím, but Edhelion was abandoned in respect for its many fallen defenders. The Elves removed themselves to the foothills of Ered Luin and founded a new refuge, Duillond, nearer to the elven port of Celondim, which ferried the wood gathered in the mountains down the river Lhûn to Mithlond, the Grey Havens. The Elves of Duillond lived in relative peace with the dwarves of Durin's line who had followed Thráin and Thorin into exile in the Blue Mountains, but now tensions between Elf and Dwarf is rising once more.
Edhelion, Duillond, and Celondim are all locations created by the developers of The Lord of the Rings OnlineTM: Shadows of AngmarTM to provide a starting point for players who choose to create Elf characters. Elf players will get to experience the fall of Edhelion, six hundred years prior to the events of LOTRO, and help uncover a sinister plot brewing in Ered Luin. - http://lorebook.lotro.com/wiki/Landmark:Edhelion
The elven town of Celondim lies in the southern-most reaches of the Blue Mountains. Situated directly on the River Lune, and near the sea, it is a port on the way to Mithlond where elves begin the journey by sea ito the Uttermost West. Four great towers guard and guide ships to the port. Away from the banks of the Lune, to the west, Celondim sprawls into the hills with fine stairways leading to wide terraces.
Celondim features most of the amenities expected in a bustling city. It has a full complement of trainers, merchants, and crafting equipment. A stable and bard are also present. There is a vault, but no auction house or reflecting pool. - http://lorebook.lotro.com/wiki/Landmark:Celondim
Duillond is an elven city in the southern Blue Mountains. Situated on cliffs above the River Lune, it lies between Celondim and the ruined dwarven port of Kheledûl. A mighty underground river reaches the surface under Duillond's towers, and cascades to the Lune, below. The terraces of the city arch gracefully from the precipice, held effortlessly aloft by great, curving stairways. Below the city, an ancient dwarven bridge spans the river, leading eventually to the Eastway and the Shire.
A refuge situated at crossroads, Duillond enjoys mail service, a stable, and merchants, in addition to a craftsman's fair. A small festival ground is set aside to the south of the city, with a finely paved courtyard edged by towers leading to a small stage.
Kingdoms from Lore not found in LOTRO:
Doriath is a land of forests adjoining the great River Sirion and its eastern tributaries: Mindeb, Esgalduin, Celos, and Aros. Within it are the forests Neldoreth or Taur-na-Neldor, the northern beech forest, Nivrim, West-march, an oak forest, Region the main forest, and Arthórien between Aros and Celon. Additionally, the forests of Brethil and Nan Elmoth were held as part of Doriath, these last two lay outside the Girdle of Melian. Elu Thingol, lord of the Sindar, sees all of Beleriand as his realm, from the Gelion to Belegaer. In the midmost part of Doriath is a natural feature, a vast hill with many caves. Towards the end of the Ages of Melkor's captivity, Melian counselled Thingol that the peace of his realm would not long endure and so with the aid of the Dwarves of Belegost he delved there the wondrous fortress called Menegroth, the Thousand Caves. It is said that of all Kingdoms of Beleriand in the legends "the most mighty and the longest free was Thingol of the Woods."
Long before, during the march of the Elves from Cuiviénen, the Vanyar and the Noldor passed through these woods on the Great Journey. Finwë and the Noldor dwelt there for a time. But they were ferried across on Tol Eressëa while the Teleri yet searched for their lord, for Thingol was lost in Nan Elmoth, and when Ulmo returned for them, a part of that people remained behind, and the Sea filled them with sorrow. They later become known as the Sindar, Elves of the Twilight, and when Thingol returned, revealed as a lord of great reverence, he became the lord of that people and ruled from his kingdom in Doriath.
Doriath was originally known as Eglador, meaning "Land of the Forsaken" for so those of the Teleri that remained in Beleriand called themselves. In the last years before the First Age the Orcs assailed the King of Doriath and after that Battle, the first of many in the Wars of Beleriand Melian fenced that realm, with unseen walls of shadow, the forests of Neldoreth, Region, and Nivrim. Thingol formed a defence of his realm with companies of archers that guarded the borders called March Wardens. With the help of Dwarven smiths, he built an army of Elves armed with axes, long spears and swords and armoured coats of scale-mail and shields. Thingol then summoned all the wandering Sindar to Doriath, but many remained in the wild. After the First Battle of Beleriand, many Laiquendi, Green Elves or Nandor as well as some Avari removed to Doriath, establishing themselves as the 'Guest Elves' of Arthórien.
The Dwarves of Belegost and Nogrod were contracted to build the halls of Menegroth, which became Thingol's capital city and fortress. The gates of Menegroth were carved into a rocky hill alongside the Esgalduin river, and the vast caverns beneath were considered one of the finest works of the Elves of the Elder Days in either Middle-earth or Valinor. Dwarves were employed in its construction as they had far more experience in building underground. Its halls were carved to look like a beech forest, complete with birds and animals. The great tree Hirilorn, wherein Lúthien was placed by Thingol to prevent her from meeting Beren, was outside the front entrance of Menegroth. A great stone bridge across the river Esgalduin was the only access to the gates. Both the river Sirion and its tributary Esgalduin were uncrossable, except by boat or bridge.
When the Noldor return to Middle-earth at the beginning of the First Age, the borders of Doriath are already closed for defence against Morgoth and Thingol allows entry only to the children of Finarfin, who are related to him through his brother Olwë.
When in later years Men arrived in Beleriand, they are also refused passage through, but at Finrod's request the Haladin were allowed to live in Brethil as vassals to Thingol charged with the protection of the Crossings of Teiglin.
Beren, son of Barahir and lord of the First House of Men, passes through the Girdle as Melian foretold, and arrives in Neldoreth. There Thingol's daughter Lúthien falls in love with him. After the Quest for the Silmaril, the great Wolf, Carcharoth, also breaches the Girdle, but Thingol, Beren, Huan the hound and Thingol's captains Beleg and Mablung hunt and kill the beast.
Túrin, son of Húrin and Morwen, is sent to Doriath, and lives there until he comes of age, when he flees after a deadly quarrel with an elf called Saeros, a high councilor of Elu Thingol, King of Doriath. Later his mother and sister, Morwen and Nienor are harboured there, until they leave to search for Túrin and are lost.
Húrin brings the treasure of Nargothrond to Doriath after the fall of Finrod's realm, and Thingol engages the Dwarves of Nogrod to combine the Silmaril of Beren and Lúthien with the Nauglamír, the Dwarves' Necklace. The Dwarves, caught in a spell of lust for the necklace, murder Thingol, steal the necklace and flee. Most are slain and the necklace returned. Word is brought to the kin of the Dwarves and their army perpetrates the first Sack of Doriath. Doriath is briefly restored under Beren and Lúthien's son Dior, but he is attacked and killed by the sons of Fëanor in the Second Kinslaying and second Sack of Doriath. Afterwards, Doriath remains abandoned until it is broken in the War of Wrath and sinks along with much of the rest of Beleriand.
The Falas was the realm of Círdan the Shipwright and his people, Sindarin Elves who were known as the Falathrim. They lived in two great walled havens, Eglarest at the mouth of the River Nenning, and to the north of that Brithombar at the mouth of the River Brithon. The Havens were besieged during the First Battle of Beleriand, but during the Dagor-nuin-Giliath the Orcs that besieged the cities went north to fight the Noldor, and were all slain. After 45 F.A. West Beleriand was ruled by Finrod Felagund who ruled from Nargothrond, and Círdan was his ally.
The Havens of the Falas held out during the later Battles of Beleriand until they were finally destroyed in F.A. 473, and Círdan's people fled to the Mouths of Sirion and the Isle of Balar.
As recounted in The Silmarillion, the Vala Ulmo, the Lord of Waters, revealed the location of the Vale of Tumladen to the Noldorin Lord Turgon in a dream. Under this divine guidance, Turgon travelled from his kingdom in Nevrast and found the vale. Within the Echoriath, the Encircling Mountains, just west of Dorthonion and east of the River Sirion, lay a round level plain with sheer walls on all sides and a ravine and tunnel leading out to the southwest known as the Hidden Way. In the middle of the vale there was a steep hill which was called Amon Gwareth, the "Hill of Watching". There Turgon decided to found a great city, designed after the city of Tirion in Valinor that the Noldor had left when they went into exile, that would be protected by the mountains and hidden from the Dark Lord Morgoth.
Turgon and his people built Gondolin in secret. After it was completed, he took with him to dwell in the hidden city his entire people in Nevrast — almost a third of the Noldor of Fingolfin's House — as well as nearly three quarters of the northern Sindar.
The Hidden Pass was protected by seven gates, all constantly guarded; the first of wood, then stone, bronze, iron, silver, gold, and steel.
The city stood for nearly 400 years until it was betrayed to Morgoth by Maeglin, Turgon's nephew. Maeglin was captured while mining outside the Encircling Mountains (against Turgon's orders). Maeglin betrayed the location of Gondolin after being promised Lordship and Turgon's daughter Idril. Morgoth then sent an army over the Crissaegrim the northern most precipitous and dangerous portion of the Encircling Mountains during The Gates of Summer (A great Gondolin festival) catching them unawares and sacking the city with relative ease. In addition to orcs, Balrogs and dragons, Melkor's (Morgoth's) army, in early versions of the story, included iron machines powered by "internal fires" and used as personnel carriers, to surmount difficult geographic obstacles and to defeat fortifications. It has been suggested that these machines were based on Tolkien's view of the real world's newest siege weapon: the tank.
The imagery of the Fall of Gondolin bears some similarity to the siege of Minas Tirith as told in The Lord of the Rings.
The land Ossiriand, or Land of Seven Rivers, was the most eastern region of Beleriand during the First Age, lying between the Ered Luin and the river Gelion.
The Seven Rivers were, from north to south:
2.River Ascar or Rathlóriel
Along the northern shore of the Ascar ran the Dwarf-Road to Nogrod. North of Ossiriand lay the land of Thargelion, and south of the river Adurant later lay the Land of the Dead that Live, where Lúthien and Beren lived their second lives.
Ossiriand was a green and forested land, and it was not populated by the Sindar. In the early First Age before the rise of the Moon, a part of the Telerin Elven people called Nandor entered Ossiriand under their leader Denethor, and were given permission by Thingol to settle the lands. After them the land was often renamed Lindon, for The Singers, after the old clan-name of the Telerin which the Nandor still used in their tongue. They became known as the Laiquendi, or Green Elves. After their leader Denethor was killed in an Orc-raid they chose no more leaders, and many of them removed to Doriath.
At the drowning of Beleriand in the War of Wrath, only parts of Ossiriand and Thargelion survived, along with what became the islands of Tol Fuin and Himling. Belegaer the Great Sea broke through the mountain chain at the eastern boundary of Beleriand to create the Gulf of Lhûn. In the Second Age and Third Age the surviving portion of Ossiriand and Thargelion became part of Lindon, where Gil-galad and Círdan ruled.
Nargothrond (S. 'The great underground fortress on the river Narog'), called Nulukkhizdīn by the Dwarves, was the stronghold built by Finrod Felagund, delved into the banks of the river Narog in Beleriand, and the lands to the north (the Talath Dirnen or Guarded Plain) ruled by the city. Inspired by Menegroth in Doriath, and seeking a hidden place from which to be safe from the forces of Morgoth, Finrod established it in the early years of the First Age, in the Caverns of Narog beneath the forested hills of Taur-en-Faroth on the western bank of Narog. The original denizens of this huge cave system had been the Noegyth Nibin, the so-called 'Petty-dwarves', but whether they were driven out of their homes by Finrod's people, or earlier by the nearby Sindar, is not known.
Finrod ruled Nargothrond until he joined Beren in his quest for the Silmaril, and the regency passed to his nephew (or brother) Orodreth. Later, Túrin Turambar came to Nargothrond and became one of its greatest warriors, but he also persuaded the people to fight openly against Morgoth (the bridge was built at this time), which eventually led to its sack by the army of the dragon Glaurung. Glaurung then used Nargothrond as his lair until his death not long afterwards at Túrin's hands, after which the caves were claimed by Mîm, the last of the Petty-dwarves, until he himself was slain by Húrin, Túrin's father. After Húrin's deed, the caves were probably completely abandoned, as they fall out of recorded history in Tolkien's fiction, but they were certainly drowned and lost along with the rest of Beleriand at the end of the First Age.